There are three primary types of doctors who practice internal medicine at the subspecialty level: family physicians, geriatricians and hospitalists.
Family physicians are generalists who treat a wide range of patients but may have a particular interest in care of one age group or sex for example, women’s health.
They can provide comprehensive primary care to patients with acute illness or chronic conditions such as diabetes mellitus. They also have additional training in specific areas such as addictions medicine or sports medicine for athletes.
Geriatricians specialize in caring for older adults and often work closely with other specialists such as neurologists, surgeons and psychiatrists when treating complex medical problems common among older people such as Alzheimer disease or cancer treatment side effects from chemotherapy drugs used on young children who suffer from leukemia.
There are many different subspecialties within internal medicine according to Dr John Manzella that cover the wide spectrum of diseases treated by internists. Some examples include:
- Cardiology, which deals with heart disease and related conditions such as hypertension, coronary artery disease and arrhythmias irregular heartbeats
- Gastroenterology/hepatology, which diagnoses and treats digestive disorders such as pancreatitis inflammation of the pancreas or constipation. It also deals with liver diseases such as cirrhosis or hepatitis C virus infection
- Pulmonary medicine, which focuses on lungs problems such as asthma attacks; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, an umbrella term for chronic bronchitis and emphysema; pneumonia infections in infants born prematurely; tuberculosis infections among those who live in areas where it’s common
All these require specialized care from pulmonologists who know how to treat them effectively using medications tailored specifically for each patient based upon their age group.
Each subspecialty focuses on a specific area of disease or organ system, such as nephrology, cardiology or pulmonology.
Importance Of Internal Medicine
Family practices according to Dr John Manzella are important because they help keep patients healthy throughout their lives while treating them when they’re sick.
Family practices are usually the first point of contact for patients, and they provide an important source of continuity of care.
In many places, it’s common for a family practice doctor to treat you from birth to death–and every stage in between.
From childhood vaccinations and sports physicals through adulthood checkups and annual exams and everything else in between, your family doctor can be there for everything that happens in your body or mind during those years or even decades.
If something goes wrong along the way like becoming pregnant, your regular doctor will likely refer you to specialists who know more about pregnancy than she does but she’ll still be involved as much as possible throughout their care process so nothing falls through the cracks again next time around.
Internal medicine gives you a wide range of skills to help people stay healthy or get well again when they’re sick
Internal medicine is a medical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of adult diseases. Internists are trained to treat a wide range of conditions, including:
- Cardiovascular disease also known as heart problems
- Gastrointestinal disorders also known as stomach and intestinal issues
- Endocrine disorders also known as hormone imbalances
Internists also provide preventive care for patients of all ages and they may recommend vaccines or screenings for certain cancers depending on your age, gender and family history helping you stay healthy or get well again when you’re sick.